Posts Tagged ‘Robert Reich

20
Jul
17

Robert Reich – What does it Mean Made in America

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10
Mar
15

The Conundrum of Corporation and Nation

The Conundrum of Corporation and Nation | Robert Reich. Robert Reich, economist and former Secretary of the Labor under President Bill Clinton, weighs in on the TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) and the influence of corporations on today’s politicians.

The Conundrum of Corporation and Nation – published in the Huffington Post, written by Robert Reich on March 9, 2015.

The U.S. economy is picking up steam but most Americans aren’t feeling it. By contrast, most European economies are still in bad shape, but most Europeans are doing relatively well.

What’s behind this? Two big facts.

First, American corporations exert far more political influence in the United States than their counterparts exert in their own countries.

In fact, most Americans have no influence at all. That’s the conclusion of Professors Martin Gilens of Princeton and Benjamin Page of Northwestern University, who analyzed 1,799 policy issues and found that “the preferences of the average American appear to have only a miniscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy.”

Instead, American lawmakers respond to the demands of wealthy individuals (typically corporate executives and Wall Street moguls) and of big corporations — those with the most lobbying prowess and deepest pockets to bankroll campaigns.

The second fact is most big American corporations have no particular allegiance to America. They don’t want Americans to have better wages. Their only allegiance and responsibility to their shareholders — which often requires lower wages to fuel larger profits and higher share prices.

When GM went public again in 2010, it boasted of making 43 percent of its cars in place where labor is less than $15 an hour, while in North America it could now pay “lower-tiered” wages and benefits for new employees.

American corporations shift their profits around the world wherever they pay the lowest taxes. Some are even morphing into foreign corporations.

As an Apple executive told The New York Times, “We don’t have an obligation to solve America’s problems.”

I’m not blaming American corporations. They’re in business to make profits and maximize their share prices, not to serve America.

But because of these two basic facts — their dominance on American politics, and their interest in share prices instead of the well-being of Americans — it’s folly to count on them to create good American jobs or improve American competitiveness, or represent the interests of the United States in global commerce.

By contrast, big corporations headquartered in other rich nations are more responsible for the well-being of the people who live in those nations.

That’s because labor unions there are typically stronger than they are here — able to exert pressure both at the company level and nationally.

VW’s labor unions, for example, have a voice in governing the company, as they do in other big German corporations. Not long ago, VW even welcomed the UAW to its auto plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee. (Tennessee’s own politicians nixed it.)

Governments in other rich nations often devise laws through tri-partite bargains involving big corporations and organized labor. This process further binds their corporations to their nations.

Meanwhile, American corporations distribute a smaller share of their earnings to their workers than do European or Canadian-based corporations.

And top U.S. corporate executives make far more money than their counterparts in other wealthy countries.

The typical American worker puts in more hours than Canadians and Europeans, and gets little or no paid vacation or paid family leave. In Europe, the norm is five weeks paid vacation per year and more than three months paid family leave.

And because of the overwhelming clout of American firms on U.S. politics, Americans don’t get nearly as good a deal from their governments as do Canadians and Europeans.

Governments there impose higher taxes on the wealthy and redistribute more of it to middle and lower income households. Most of their citizens receive essentially free health care and more generous unemployment benefits than do Americans.

So it shouldn’t be surprising that even though U.S. economy is doing better, most Americans are not.

The U.S. middle class is no longer the world’s richest. After considering taxes and transfer payments, middle-class incomes in Canada and much of Western Europe are higher than in U.S. The poor in Western Europe earn more than do poor Americans.

Finally, when at global negotiating tables — such as the secretive process devising the “Trans Pacific Partnership” trade deal — American corporations don’t represent the interests of Americans. They represent the interests of their executives and shareholders, who are not only wealthier than most Americans but also reside all over the world.

Which is why the pending Partnership protects the intellectual property of American corporations — but not American workers’ health, safety, or wages, and not the environment.

The Obama administration is casting the Partnership as way to contain Chinese influence in the Pacific region. The agents of America’s interests in the area are assumed to be American corporations.

But that assumption is incorrect. American corporations aren’t set up to represent America’s interests in the Pacific region or anywhere else.

What’s the answer to this basic conundrum? Either we lessen the dominance of big American corporations over American politics. Or we increase their allegiance and responsibility to America.

It has to be one or the other. Americans can’t thrive within a political system run largely by big American corporations — organized to boost their share prices but not boost America.

Editor’s Conclusion

Mr. Reich is stating the obvious, corporations exert almost total control over today’s politics (on both parties at times). Why is is that Americans fight amongst each other when the cause for the current economic malaise and continued malaise is due to corporate rule and legislation? Probably because the media outlets are owned by huge corporations and only certain media items are allowed out, much like Russian propaganda is controlled by the government and deleterious stories from China are suppressed by the Chinese government. But instead of the information being suppressed by the U.S. government, it is suppressed by the news organizations themselves. Think about it, how many articles about the Trans Pacific Partnership Treaty (TPP) have you seen in the newspaper or news magazines or even on television? Nearly zero. In fact, the TPP is a common subject frequently discussed in news agencies and their audiences, outside of the United States. We do know that some people voluntarily cocoon themselves in a news bubble, but did you know that we all involuntarily live in a major media propaganda bubble. (Not that the internet is a reliable source of information either – I would suggest BBC World News). The TPP is an assault on the general American population, yet, most people have never heard about the agreement, but the ones that have heard about it – 59% would like to delay it, according to a poll by the Wall Street Journal in January, 2015. We need to realize that there is a common enemy, not the fabricated media-driven ISIS, a rag tag bunch of anarchist who don’t number more than 30,000 people (so says a former CIA contactor) , but absolute corporate rule. Corporations are smart and sneaky. Get involved. Vote out corporate influence.

14
Oct
13

Inequality for All | A documentary film about income inequality, public policy, and economics and features professor Robert Reich.

Inequality for All | A documentary film about income inequality, public policy, and economics and features professor Robert Reich..

“Inequality for All”, featuring former Clinton Secretary of Labor and University of California, Berkeley Professor in Economics, Robert Reich is a great film.

I had written previously on this blog on the same subject in “How Did We Get To Here”, Parts I, II and III, which covered the deterioration of the US economy since 1980. This film covers many of these same points. However, there is nothing easier  and more entertaining than seeing a film that explains these complex things – how we as a great nation went from a manufacturing powerhouse in 1980 to a service country where everybody- men and women, both, have to work two jobs and still barely break the poverty line. This film expertly explains this phenomenon without getting preachy. It only makes perfect sense that the millions of middle class citizens are actually the economic powerhouses of this economy, so why do we keep doing things that keep our middle class down? We need to enhance the “middle out” and not from the “top-on-down” (Trickle-down) form of economics.

There are some interesting statistics raised by the film like the top 400 income earners in the United States makes as much as the lowest one-half of all Americans. That translates to 400 = 158 million people. Another interesting stat (not in this film) says the top 1% own 46% of all global assets. The most surprising fact to me was about the iPhone. As to which country profits most from the iPhone, it wasn’t China that made the most profit (even though the Iphone is assembled there), China only makes 3.6% of the profit. The most profit comes from the component maker-countries: Japan and Germany. Japan makes 28% of the profits for each iPhone sale, Germany a little less.

Robert Reich in "Inequality for All"

Robert Reich in “Inequality for All”

This film indirectly acknowledges outsourcing as a major problem as this is where our manufacturing went. And, also, indirectly, the film says we need to keep jobs within the United States, but boldly states that the United States should keep up with manufacturing like Germany, who have kept up with the advancements in technology by developing trade schools specifically for these newer technologies. Germany has built a recession proof economy and it continues to manufacture 30% of all what its home country needs, compared to the United States which only makes 5% of what our country needs. The United States has thus become totally dependent on China for what it needs.

“Inequality For All” started as a project on Kickstarter, see link. See the movie “inequality For All” at select theaters near you. On the top link which sends you to inequalityforall.com – there is a section on the bottom of the front page that says there will be a Live Twitter Chat on October 15, 2013 10:30 am PT/1:30pm ET and a Google Hangout with Robert Reich on October 16, 2013 6 pm PT/ 9 pm ET. If I get the chance to get on one of these “Chats”, my question to Mr. Reich would be” NAFTA – what did you forsee as the benefit to this treaty? And did you forsee outsourcing of American jobs as a potential problem?

I highly recommend everybody see the film: “Inequality For All”.




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